PEPFAR is a central component of the Global Health Initiative (GHI); a six-year initiative (2009-2014) announced by President Obama in 2009, to develop a comprehensive strategy for U.S. government global health efforts.
PEPFAR was first initiated by the U.S. Government to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria in developing countries and is led by the State Department’s Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator. It also includes funding for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. PEPFAR was initially authorized for five years (2004-2008) by the U.S. Congress as part of the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003. PEPFAR was reauthorized in 2008 for five years (2009-2013) in the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008.
In Cameroon, the largest U.S. bilateral assistance program is focused on HIV/AIDS. Its activities are managed through interagency coordination among five U.S. government agencies currently working in Cameroon: the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Department of Defense, and the Peace Corps.
PEPFAR’s main activities are designed to strengthen HIV/AIDS prevention in health care settings in Cameroon through four main pillars:
The table above summarizes the different projects funded by PEPFAR in Cameroon: